Thursday, November 21, 2013

SAMR Model Musings

I have been asked to elaborate on my understanding of the SAMR model, a model written about extensively by Dr. Ruben Puentedura. This model suggests a structure for the design of embedded technology use in the classroom to have a significant impact on student outcomes.

My feeling is this model supports teachers as they design, develop, and integrate digital learning experiences that utilize technology to transform learning experiences. Along the continuum, the student engagement becomes more of the focus and students are then able to advance their own learning in a transformational manner.

Puentedura's visual of the SAMR model is self-explanatory, as seen below.

SAMR model

I decided to take the typical classroom process of note taking to demonstrate my thoughts for how the SAMR model might look in a classroom.


Note taking is traditionally done with paper and pen/pencil.

At the substitution level, you first have to think about what will be gained by the use of technology for the task. You want to make sure you are not advocating technology use just for technology's sake.

In the case of note taking, however, the benefit of having notes in a digital format for ease of sharing and uploading, and providing access to them anywhere, any time, is a useful substitution activity. 

At this level, the technology substitution, with no real change in student engagement, would be the use of a stand-alone or cloud-based word processing program.


At the augmentation level, there again is a direct tool substitute, but there is some improvement in student outcomes. At this level, one of the benefits is teachers can receive almost immediate feedback on student level of understanding of material and students can also learn from others.

One way this can occur is by the use of a backchannel tool (such as Today's Meet or Padlet) for whole-class note taking. The augmentation level starts to move along the teacher/student-centric continuum. The impact of this immediate feedback and collaboration is that students should begin to become more engaged in the learning process.


Modification allows for a change in the task redesign. Students can be asked to take notes using a screencasting tool and then later go back and add the audio component and post these online for their peers and anyone else who wants to see them. Because they are working for an public audience with this task, each student has a personal stake in their note taking.

Another modification option for note taking using technology would have students creating mind maps or concept maps as they take notes. Again, these can be easily shared. A collaborative version of this mapping could be implemented as groups of students take notes on certain aspects of the lecture, presentation, reading, etc. and then pull all the maps together to complete the picture. (I call this the "" model!)


With redefinition, the emphasis is on student-centered learning. The student learns new skills and concepts as they complete the task. Sketchnoting, or visual note taking, is a way for students to practice listening as well as planning an organizational strategy for taking notes. There are drawing and note-taking apps for all platforms available for sketchnoting. (A lot more about sketchnoting can be found here.) A redefined task would be for students to sketchnote, share online, and provide answers to questions about the content included in the public venue.


Below is a visual of my initial thoughts on the relationship between Bloom’s and the SAMR model. I feel teachers need to both create tasks that target the higher-order cognitive skills (Bloom's) as well as design tasks that have a significant impact on student outcomes (SAMR). It's as simple as that.

Educators will argue that they have seen redefinition tasks that only target the remembering level or have a creative assessment that is only at the augmentation level. Of course that is true, but I believe we should be planning for technology tasks, activities, and assessments that include both the higher levels of Bloom's Revised Taxonomy and the transformation area of SAMR model.

I have created a page of SAMR resources if you want to learn more and come to your own conclusions about how it might be implemented in your classroom.

Comments? Thoughts?  Email me or find me on Twitter @kathyschrock

Monday, November 18, 2013

iMovie Trailers Across the Content Areas (republish)

This post originally appeared in September of 2013 on my Discovery Educator Network blog, Kathy's Katch, where I pen a monthly blog post. Please take a look at it when you get a a chance. The new posts go up the first day of the month!

I have finally had time to work with iMovie movie trailers on the iPad, and it is so much fun! A movie trailer is a perfect summarizing activity. It can also act as a "teaser" as an introduction to a presentation or student paper. A movie trailer can readily showcase the acquisition of knowledge of a lesson or unit. 

A movie trailer includes many of the literacy areas. There is a component of information literacy as students search for and gather assets to include in the trailer. There are reading and writing skills (traditional literacy) as students write out their ideas and scripts. There are elements of media literacy as students identify their audience, use words to persuade viewers, and maybe transfer another mode of publishing (like a research paper) into a video. Visual literacy comes into play with the choice of colors and font. 

The movie trailer component of the iMovie app for the iPad includes several themes to pick from. The transitions and animations are already built-in, but students can do some editing of these themes to showcase their work in a different way. 

The first step in making an iMovie movie trailer is taking a look at the script and storyboard pages. It is a good idea for students to spend some time thinking about the theme of the trailer they want to use and start gathering the pictures and videos to use in the production. 

One great site by Timothy Jefferson includes PDFs of all of the theme scripts so students can work things out on paper first, as they are going through the development process. Here is a sample of one of the PDFs. 

storyboard sample

Some ideas for using movie trailers across the curriculum include:
  • Have students create an "end of course or class" trailer to introduce others to the course
  • Students can create an advertisement for a product they created in a STEM class.
  • Movie trailers can put a new spin on the "all about me" presentation.
  • Students can help create promo pieces for upcoming school events, class elections, and fund-raising activities
  • A movie trailer can be a very short, but exciting digital story, summarizing the content and/or process in any curriculum area
  • Roz Linder's ideas for using movie trailers as a way to introduce different viewpoints
  •'s great resource about the use of film trailers in the classroom
  • Mr. Manion's Movie Trailer Analysis which could easily be turned into a rubric
You can also find many tutorials which include instructions on the process of using iMovie movie trailers on the iPad
Discovery Education Streaming, with its editable videos and hundreds of images, is a wonderful set of resources to use in iMovie movie trailers. I decided to utilize DES to make an iMovie movie trailer and only use the iPad. 

I logged in to Discovery Education Streaming, did three searches (tornado, storm, lightning) and limited the search to images. I added the images to My Content. When I had collected enough (with three personal ones also), I opened each one and "saved to library" which then put all the images into my Photos app Camera Roll. 

I picked the Scary trailer theme, entered the credits information, and added the images to the storyboard, as you see below. I adjusted some of the Ken Burns transitions to highlight the important parts of the photos. 

iMovie Movie Trailer scrneechot 

I then simply sent the completed movie trailer up to YouTube! 
Give iMovie movie trailers a try today! 

Do you have some ideas for the use of iMovie Trailers across the content areas? Email me or find me on Twitter @kathyschrock

Friday, November 01, 2013

Mobile learning books and courses for iOS devices

This article originally appeared in the Discovery Education blog "Kathy Schrock's Katch of the Month" in November 2013 and is re-posted here with permission.
Educators are creating great mobile learning content and sharing that content with the rest of us via iTunes U and iBooks. I am going to review some of these useful resources.
To read the iBooks, you need to use an iPad to view most of these. (The new version of the Apple desktop operating system, Mavericks, includes iBooks for the desktop….finally!) For the iTunes U courses, all you need is iTunes on your Windows or Mac computer or the iTunes U app on your iOS device. (Help here:

Mobile Learning Books

The Teacher’s iPadoPedia
Philip Johnston
May 2013
Subtitled “An A-Z of Using iPad in the Classroom”, Johnston includes chapters on archiving, attendance, brainstorming, behavior management, calculating, communicating  co-curricular/coaching, and this is only through the letter “C” in the alphabet! This extremely well-written, 143-page book, is must-read for any teacher with access to the iPad for teaching or learning. The ideas and the overview of the apps to support each one are practical and up-to-date. A great publication!

This gem of a book comes from the UK and showcases lesson ideas using various Apple apps such as iWork and iLife for iOS as well as including many short lesson ideas across the curriculum. The book also includes a section of the authors “favorite” apps in each content area.The book itself takes advantage of many of the features of iBooks by allowing items to be brought to full screen and includes interactive hotspots on various images.

iPad Basics for the Classroom Teacher
John Patten
July 2013
This single chapter publication offers a wonderful introduction to the use of the SAMR model for technology integration. The bulk of the chapter provides a great lesson on how to use the iPad hardware. There is even an assessment included. This would be a good book to reactivate prior knowledge for occasional users as well as a follow-up to a beginner iPad lesson.

iPads in the K-12 Classroom
Jack Riviere
January 2013
This short book includes practical tips for implementation of the iPad in the classroom written in a conversational style, similar to a series of blog posts. Riviere shares his thoughts and tips for protecting the iPads, as well as a small toolbox of software that can go a long way. In addition, he includes some humanities lesson plans at different levels.

iPads in the Classroom
Annalisa Kelly
January 2013
Kelly provides a lot of information in this book. She includes case studies, overviews and links to applicable research in the field, how to critically evaluate apps for both instruction and construction, and a chapter devoted to the iPad as a learning tool for special education students. In addition, Kelly includes ideas for use of the iPad in the classroom, a deployment guide, and well-done overviews of classroom apps including ways they can be used.

Mission “Podsible”: A Teachers Guide to Podcasting
Rachelle Wooden
December 2012
Rachel Wooten has created a wonderful guide for the use of podcasting in the classroom. It includes an extensive overview of what podcasting is, the research as to why it is pedagogically sound, and the the how-tos of hardware and software for creating the podcast.  It also contains full lesson plans, tied to the Common Core. that can be creative starting places as you investigate where and how podcasting fits into the instructional process.

Hunt provides a wealth of information on the use of the iPad for art activities including everything from turning clay apps to stop-motion animation. However, the examples she showcases can be used in any content area as a creative assessment. In addition, the layout and organization of this iBook is stunning and can serve as a model for how an education-related ebook should look and function.

iPad at Work
Apple, Inc.
August 2011
It is important to view books outside of the educational field, too, to see what they can offer for both you, as the teacher, and for your students. As well as the inclusion of useful apps, this book includes case studies from various industries showcasing their use for this tool.

Mobile Learning iTunes U Courses

Integrating the iPad and iTunes U in the Classroom
Chrissy Boydstun
May 2013
This course is a series of tutorials on the best ways to have students use the iPad and iTunes U. Including chapters such as “Getting started with iTunesU”, “Getting going with Google Drive”, “Linking resources to QR codes”, “Using YouTube in the classroom” and many more.  Each unit  includes links to resources, embedded tutorials, and downloadable support videos, too. All of the videos are also collected in a single list so you can see the content that is included in the course.

Using iPads in the Classroom: Time Lapse Video
Richard Needham, National Science Learning Centre
November 2012
This course provides an overview of the set-up and use of the iPad at the college level  and how to enhance learning in the science classroom. He includes information and resources for both stop motion video and time lapse video, as well as an overview of iMovie for the iPad.

Integrating iPads into the Classroom
Chris Colley, Eastern Townships School Board
July 2013
This course takes a pedagogical and practical look at the use of the iPad in the classroom. It includes information and practice activities dealing with various teaching models, like SAMR and MELS Inquiry Process Model, and Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy. (I even found my own Bloom’s information in this course!) Another unit in the course deals with PBL and student centered instruction.The links to materials and the activities provided would make this a perfect textbook for a professional development series.

Integrating iPads into the Classroom
Dr. Eric Marvin, Union University
Last updated: May 2013
The purpose of this iPad course is twofold. First, it includes training on how to use the device itself, including the hardware, camera, and iTunes. The second part of the course includes the use of iPad apps for supporting teaching and learning including Keynote, group alerting and formative assessment apps, storing files, and much more.

Classroom Management with iPads
Jessica Pack, Palm Springs Unified School District
January 2013
Pack provides techniques for teachers in 2:1 and 1:1 environments, as well as those using iPads in small groups or learning centers. There are management strategies for teaching and for students. The course includes an eBook with apps, implementation ideas, screen captures and more.